Tigbauan Church – San Juan Sahagun Parish: history architecture and photographs. An ecomienda presented to Esteban Rodriguez de Figueroa, Tigbauan grew to become a visita of Oton on 3 March 1575. Despite the fact that it had come to be an independent parish in 1578, no lasting priest was assigned to Tigbauan until finally 1580, when Fr. Luis de Montoya was assigned as prior. Originally less than the advocacy of Our Girl of Grace it was afterwards renamed Juan de Sahagun, right after an Augustinian saint. In 1593, the parish was handed more than to the secular clergy since the friar, Fr. Garcia de Quiroga, was appointed secretary of the province and had to go away the Visayas. The seculars held the parish right until 1617 when they were assigned to Antique (Hamtic) in exchange for Tigbauan. Fr. Fernando Camporredondo may perhaps have constructed the Tigbauan church described in a report of 1848 as produced of yellow limestone and which survived the earthquake of 13 July 1787 inspite of its significant height. Fr. Fernando Martin is credited with building the existing church, although Augustinian historian Pedro Galende, opines that he may perhaps have reconstructed a former church, since the description of his perform corresponds to the one previously stated. Only the church façcade, bell tower and a handful of pillars of the convento remain. The exact same earthquake that introduced Oton to the ground harmed the interior in 1948, apparently. The inside is considerably renovated and has been decorated with mosaics in 1994.
Heritage Options: The facade layout is basic: a rectangle surmounted by a triangular pediment, the entire hemmed by thick pillars on possibly aspect. To the façcade’s right is the 3-story bell tower composed of cubes decreasing in dimension and capped by a pyramidal roof. A lintel and put up doorway and an arched window mark the initial tale while the second story has no apertures. The third story had arched home windows. What gives the full façade distinction is the low relief decorating the central portal. Right here a retablo-like design and style fills the central portion. Pilasters, equivalent to the Mexican estipite flank the entrance, among are very low relieves of bouquets and cords, all acquiring aim in the cherub head that decorates the capstone of the entrance. Jogging horizontally from pilaster to pilaster is a floral frieze at whose heart is the seal of the Augustinian get. This band marks the division in between the initial and second stories. Previously mentioned is a market flanked by pilasters embellished with flowers and volutes. The church patron San Juan is depicted. Earlier mentioned the specialized niche is a low aid of the Santo Niño within a area of interest. The triangular pediment of the complete structure carries a very low aid of flowers arranged inside a rectangular plaque.
The Panublion challenge was funded by the Spanish government as a result of the Ateneo de Manila University and overseen by R. Javellana. Make sure you pay a visit to the Panublion net website at:,
Tons far more about the Spanish architectural heritage of Tigbauan at:
“Plateresque” Tigbauan Church Entrance
Many of the architectural descriptions of the Tigbauan church explain it as “Churrigueresque”. This unique appellation sends just about all people to their reference publications to figure out what it suggests.
Churrigueresque refers to the florid, around-decorated style practiced by a relatives of sculptors and architects in 18th century Spain, the Churrigureas. The design and style had some forex in Spain and Spanish America. A single architectural dictionary describes Churrigueresque as a lavish piling up of surface area ornamentation, especially stone carvings. In Mexico, the Churrigueresque ended up incorporating indigenous themes.
The Tigbauan church does have some intricate and rather gorgeous stone carving on its principal façcade, dealing with the plaza. Ended up the friars lovers of the Churrigueresque fashion, quite possibly obtaining glimpsed it in Spain or Mexico? There is yet another likelihood. There is appreciable evidence in the literature that the qualified setting up trades in the Visayas ended up dominated by Chinese craftsmen — they ended up virtually undoubtedly men at the time. Chinese architecture through the Ming and Qing dynasties show incredible stone carving, not dissimilar from that found on the Tigbauan church façcade.
Given that it is probable that the get the job done was completed by Chinese stone masons and stone carvers, was it the friars who preferred add something elegant to their new church doing the job in tandem with Chinese workers who might have been experienced in Qing stonework which generated what we see right now.
Are the themes and particulars of the Tigbauan stone carving much more Churrigueresque or more Qing? A in depth study of the Tigbauan carvings, examples of Churrigueresque carving from Spain and Mexico with Qing themes could possibly deliver clues. The likely summary is that the Tigbauan stone carving is another incredible multicultural amalgam of influences and expertise which also created the stone carving in Miagao and San Joaquin.
Pierced Coronary heart, an Augustinian icon, Tigbauan Church
The pierced heart imagery is central to the Augustinian buy and marks the Tigbauan church as possible crafted or rebuilt by the order. The importance of the pierced heart is derived from a statements Augustine makes in the Confessions these types of as: E book IX 3 “With the arrows of your charity you experienced pierced our hearts, and we bore your words and phrases inside of us like a sword penetrating us to the core”.Instantly, Augustine’s anguish left him and he now observed direction in humility, as although an arrow from God had transfixed his heart. “You have pierced our hearts with the arrow of your enjoy, and our minds have been pierced with the arrows of your words and phrases.” Conf 9,2. Indeed his coronary heart seemed to burst into flame with enjoy for God. “Your present sets us afire and we are borne upward we capture this flame and up we go. In our hearts we climb these upward paths, singing the tracks of ascent. By your hearth, your beneficent fire, we are infected.” Conf 13,9.
Tigbauan Church garden – a quite and quiet put
Historic plaque placed by National Historic Institute
Chapel in Tigbauan Church courtyard. This smaller chapel in the churchyard has a experience of antiquity but in accordance to a plaque it was made in 1997 and recently renovated.
Fires, earthquakes and WW II have taken a toll on the church buildings of Iloilo, such as this just one. Outside of the principal facade, not much appears to remain of the outdated Tigbauan church. Most of the church is concrete and the roof trusses are of steel. However, the historical essence of the churches have been preserved substantially original cloth continues to be, they stand in their historic locations alongside with the accompanying plazas, cemeteries, convents, parish halls and other historic elements of the Spanish town ideas. The parishes and municipalities of Iloilo ought to have terrific credit rating for their regard for the historic character of their communities.
Tigbauan Church Mosaic
Even though the historic inside of the church does not survive, the church inside is continue to of significant fascination. The walls are covered with religious themes executed in mosaic fragments, quite wonderfully finished. According to a plaque the operate was performed beneath the path of Rev. Fr. Eleuterio Rojo Carton and dedicated February 3, 1997. You might see a fantastic account of the Tigbauan Church moasics at https://theunknownartblog.wordpress.com/2016/12/04/the-person-driving-the-mosaic-in-tigbauan-church/