Japanese Occupation of Iloilo – the horrible reality

Japanese Occupation of Iloilo – The Aawful Fact

This is the report of a court situation in which Pedro T. Villanueva was billed with treason for collaborating with Japanese authorities in figuring out, torturing, and murdering Filipinos suspected of anti-Japanese pursuits in the course of WW II.  The extent of brutality in these little Panay Island communities delivers residence the terrible realities of the Japanese profession.

Beheadings in the Philippine countryside

G.R. No. L-9529             August 30, 1958

THE Persons OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee,
vs.
PEDRO T. VILLANUEVA, defendant-appellant.

Rely No. 6. Anent this Depend, the amended data recites:

6. That on or about June 10, 1943, at the barrios of Baroc and Atabayan, municipality of Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, and within just the jurisdiction of this Court, the over-named accused, Pedro T. Villanueva, with intent to adhere as he did adhere to the enemy, and with treasonable intent to give as he did give mentioned enemy assist and consolation, in his ability as agent, informer and spy of the Detective Pressure, Imperial Japanese Army, and in firm with other Filipino spies and various Japanese soldiers, did then and there, willfully, unlawfully, feloniously and treasonably arrest Vicente Garrido, Juan Tatlonghari, Clodovio Trieco, Melchor Trieco, Cosme Tobias, Leoncio Tumamudtamud, Quirino Toranto, Napoleon Luceno, Modesto Torremoro and Dionisio Belandrez on the demand that they had been guerrilla soldiers and/or sympathizers and did investigate, maltreat and torture them that subsequently the folks previously mentioned-talked about ended up taken away and were being not witnessed or listened to of considering the fact that then that on the celebration of the aforementioned patrol, the higher than-named accused and his companions, with intent of gain and without consent of the entrepreneurs thereof, did then and there, willfully, unlawfully and feloniously loot the household of Jose T. Belandrez, getting therefrom legitimate Philippine currency in the amount of money of P300 crisis notes in the amount of money of P1,200 jewellery price at P500 clothes valued at P200 and other own results and from the household of Toribia Taleon, jewelry, watches, garments and other personalized results with a full worth of P160 additional or significantly less.

Jose T. Belandrez, Salvador Toranto, Toribia Taleon and Maria Mendoza, corroborating just one a different, testified that at dawn of June 10, 1943, appellant, accompanied by some Filipinos and Japanese soldiers, went to the household of Jose T. Belandrez located at Tigbauan, Iloilo, and took therefrom P1,200 in income, jewelry worth P300, and outfits valued at P200 that they also arrested Dionisio Belandrez, Modesto Torremoro and Napoleon Luceno, users of the Bolo Battalion, an auxiliary unit of the guerrillas that due to the fact that fateful day, the reported 3 users of the Bolo Battalion by no means returned.

Count No. 7. The amended data respecting this Rely, reads as follows:

7. That on or about the 9th and 10th working day of August, 1943, in the municipality of Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, and within the jurisdiction of this Court docket, the above-named accused, Pedro T. Villanueva, with intent to adhere as he did adhere to the enemy, and with treasonable intent to give, as he did give reported enemy, support and ease and comfort, in his ability as agent, informer and spy of the Detective Pressure, Imperial Japanese Military, and in enterprise with other Filipino spies and Japanese troopers, did then and there wilfully, unlawfully, feloniously and treasonably arrest and apprehend quite a few people suspected of guerrilla functions, amongst whom were being Federico Tinamisan, Eustaquio Doga, Roque Tiologo, Salvador Tedor, Tomas Trompeta, Agapito Trompeta, Andres Tayo, Victorio Tuante, Manuel Teano, Matias Tirante, Rufo Tolate, Celedonio Tupino, Alfredo Trompeta, Hilarion Toga and numerous other individuals, who had been gathered in the Chapel at barrio Napnapan, wherever the persons aforesaid ended up investigated, maltreated and tortured, as a consequence of which Salvador Tedor died of the beating and torture inflicted on him by the herein accused and his companions that the pursuing morning about thirty-seven individuals were taken to the property of Valentina Amandoron’s residence, wherever Jesus Astrologo, Carlos Palma, Filipino co-spies of the accused, and the Japanese killed by beheading Andres Tai, Victorio Tuante, Roque Tiologo, Manuel Teano, Matias Tirania, Pufo Tulato, Agapito Trompeta, Tomas Trompeta, Celedonio Tupino, Simeon Ledesma, Hermenegildo Taleon, Marcelo Turid, Magdaleno Turid, Enrique Turid, Jose Tamon, Cornelio Taghap, Eustaquio Doga, Eugenio (LNU), Francisco (LNU) Lucio (LNU), Juan (LNU), Casimiro (LNU), Gorteo (LNU), and quite a few other individuals whose names are unfamiliar, though Alfredo Trompeta and Hilarion Toga have been struck and wounded on their necks but miraculously escaped death.

Six witnesses testified on this Rely, specifically, Severa Gua, Natividad Duga, Alfredo Trompeta, Hilario Taghap and Valentina Amandoron who, corroborating just one an additional, said that on August 9 or 10, 1943, which was a Monday, at about 6 o’clock in the night, although Eustaquio Duga and his household have been at their household in Tigbauan, Iloilo, he saw Japanese troopers and some Filipinos approaching their property that Eustaquio Duga notified his spouse and they immediately started out to flee that regretably, they have been overtaken by the Japanese soldiers, and Eustaquio Duga was arrested by herein appellant who was in organization with claimed Japanese troopers that Eustaquio Duga was taken to the nearby barrio of Napnapan that someday later on, Severa Gua identified the dead entire body of Eustaquio Duga, with his head nearly severed, amongst other corpses in the property of the household of Valentina Amandoron.

On the exact same day, though Alfredo Trompeta and his companion Roque Teologo were being walking in a barrio road in Napnapan, Tigbauan, Iloilo, they were being arrested by Japanese soldiers who have been with the appellant that Trompeta and Teologo have been taken to the barrio of Ermita, of the identical municipality, in which they have been investigated together with about 30 folks who ended up suspected as guerrillas thence they had been introduced to the property of Valentina Amandoron wherever appellant and his companions killed in chilly blood Trompeta’s companions as perfectly as these people who had been introduced there before. Between the twenty-5 people killed on that occasion, had been Andres Tayo, Tomas Trompeta, Rufo Tolato, Roque Teologo, Jose Taucon and Matias Tiranea.

Rely No. 8. The facts similarly recites:

8. That on or about August 12, 1943, in the municipality of Leon, Iloilo, Philippines, and within the jurisdiction of this Court, the earlier mentioned-named accused, Pedro T. Villanueva, with intent to adhere as he did adhere to the enemy, and with treasonable intent to give as he did give reported enemy help and convenience, in his capability as agent, informer and spy of the Detective Power, Imperial Japanese Military and in business with other Filipino spies and Japanese troopers, did then and there wilfully, unlawfully, feloniously and treasonably arrest Cosme Calacasan, Nazario Calimutan, Alberto Caborique, Nazario Calacasan, Marcos Sobrevega, Jose Canillas, Aurelio Calacasan, Graciano (LNU), Juan (LNU), and three many others, names mysterious, on the cost that the people aforesaid ended up guerrilla soldiers or guerrilla sympathizers that thereafter these individuals had been taken to barrio Taal, municipality of San Miguel, where the accused and his companions set hearth to and burned a number of houses in the aforesaid barrio and later on to barrio Baguingin, municipality of Leon, the place the over-named accused and his companions investigated, maltreated and tortured them that the previously mentioned-named accused even more adhering to the enemy did then and there, wilfully, unlawfully, feloniously and treasonably, and with evident premeditation and treachery, bayonetted to loss of life Cosme Calacasan, when tied to a tree with arms tied at the rear of his again though Nazario Calimutan was bayonetted and killed in the very same manner by Jesus Astrologo, Filipino co-spy of the herein accused although Graciano (LNU) and Juan (LNU) and two other people (names unidentified) had been bayonetted to loss of life by the Filipino and Japanese companions of the accused that immediately after the killing of the aforesaid people, the over-named accused and his companions did obtain the corpses of their victims in the dwelling of Juan Caya and thereafter did established hearth to and burn off that home the lifeless bodies within.

Aurelio Calacasan and Jose Canillas, corroborating each other, testified that at about eight o’clock in the morning of August 12, 1943, when Aurelio Calacasan, Cosme Calacasan, Anazario Calimutan, Alberto Caborique, Nazario Calacasan, Marcos Sobrevieja and Jose Canillas and a number of other people were being in the barrio of Anonang, Leon, Iloilo, they have been arrested by Japanese soldiers and taken to the barrio of Taal, of the very same municipality, exactly where they saw appellant and his companions. Soon after placing afire the homes in mentioned barrio, appellant and his companions brought the prisoners to barrio Agboy, of the very same municipality, wherever they were investigated concerning their guerilla things to do or connections that for the duration of the investigations, appellant stabbed to loss of life Cosme Calacasan who was a member of the Bolo Battalion, an auxiliary device of the guerrillas that following quite a few prisoners have been killed, their corpses have been collected and positioned in a home which was established on fire.

Rely No. 9. Concerning this Rely, the amended facts recites:

9. That on or about August 12, 1943, in the municipality of Leon, Iloilo, Philippines, and in just the jurisdiction of this Courtroom, the previously mentioned-named accused, Pedro T. Villanueva, with intent to adhere as he did adhere to the enemy and with treasonable intent to give as he did give said enemy support and comfort, in his capacity as agent, informer, spy of the Detective Pressure, Imperial Japanese Military, and in company with other Filipino spies and Japanese troopers, did then and there, wilfully, unlawfully, feloniously and treasonably perform and have out a raid in opposition to and mass arrest of persons suspected as guerrilla soldiers and sympathizers, as a consequence of which, about eighty persons, male and feminine, each younger and previous ended up arrested and collected in a schoolhouse and chapel in the barrio of Buenavista, and thereat investigated, maltreated and tortured by the herein accused and his companions that subsequently about thirty individuals such as girls and little ones ended up taken to the household of Aquilino Product sales, exactly where about fourteen individuals have been bayonetted and killed by Japanese troopers, specifically, Julia Cabilitasan, Mercedes Calopez, Andrea Cahipo, Eustaquia Cabilinga, Isabel Canag, Rosalia Calopez, Luz Caldito, Estelita Camorahan, Roman Cabilinga, Tomas Canag, Luis Cabalfin, Juan Cabalfin, Macario Cabilitasan and Aurelio Caldito even though Paulina Cantara, Alejandro Calsona and Bienvenido Cabankalan obtained and sustained bayonet wounds but survived and ended up ready to escape following the home of aforesaid Aquilino Income was set on fireplace and burned by reported patrol of Filipino spies and Japanese troopers.

Aquilina Cabilitasan, Bienvenido Cabankalan, Alejandro Calsena and Perpetua Canag, who testified for the prosecution, corroborating a person an additional, said that at about eight o’clock in the morning of August 12, 1943, several residents of barrio, Buenavista, Leon, Iloilo, have been arrested by the appellant, who was armed with revolver and bayonet, and his companions consisting of Filipinos and Japanese troopers that reported barrio citizens were being brought to the barrio schoolhouse exactly where they were investigated. During the investigation, Julia Cabilitasan was singled out by the appellant who tied her fingers powering her back again and brought her under a “doldol” (kapok) tree, close to a chapel, where she was stripped of all her clothings till she was naked. Appellant investigated her regarding the whereabouts of her spouse who was a USAFFE soldier. Appellant, right after severely beating Julia Cabilitasan, brought her to the home of Aquilino Income in which there were other Filipino prisoners. Soon thereafter, appellant and his companions commenced the massacre of the prisoners. Appellant stabbed Julia Cabilitasan a few situations with a bayonet. In that massacre, fourteen folks such as gals and small children were being killed. Amongst those people killed were Julia Cabilitasan, Macario Cabilitasan, Roman Cabelenga, Andrea Cahipos and Julia Calpit. Afterwards, reported household was established on hearth.

Count No. 10. And finally, the amended information regarding this Rely, recites:

10. That on or about March 18, 1944, in the municipalities of Guimbal and Tubuñgan, Iloilo, Philippines, and within just the jurisdiction of this Courtroom, the previously mentioned-named accused, Pedro T. Villanueva, with intent to adhere as he did adhere to the enemy, and with treasonable intent to give as he did give stated enemy assist and ease and comfort, in his potential as agent, informer and spy of the Detective Pressure, Imperial Japanese Military, and in enterprise with other Filipino spies, Bureau of Constabulary and Japanese soldiers, did then and there wilfully, unlawfully, feloniously and treasonably arrest Rosalio Tambirao, Joaquin Escorido, Carolina Escorido, Romero Escorido, Edgardo Escorido, Editha Escorido, Sofia Tambiras, Raul Tabanda, Nestor Tabanda, Elena Gierza, Natividad Gersalino, Jovita Gersalino, Ernesto Tambirao, Ruly Tambirao, Jesusa Jimenez, Eustaquio Tortugalete, Paz Tabora, Basilisa Taborete, Gloria Escorido, Ciriaco Gierza and numerous some others with not known names on the demand that the people aforesaid were being either guerrilla troopers, sympathizers and supporters that the aforesaid folks were being then taken to the house of Jacinto Toborete, exactly where the herein accused, did then and their look into, maltreat, or usually torture Basilisa Taborete, Gloria Escorido and Eustaquia Tortugalete in an work to make them confess as to their connection with the guerrilla motion and the whereabouts of the guerrilla troopers that subsequently the herein accused further more adhering to the enemy did supply to a Japanese executioner Juan Gelario, Felipe Tanato, David Garnica, Juana Tabacoran, Jesusa Jimenez and Luz Tabiana, who were being all executed and eliminate a single following yet another that the killing of Juana Tabacoran, Jesusa Jimenez and Luz Tabiana took place soon following they ended up abused and raped by the Japanese and BC soldiers in the property of Jacinto Taborete that although this was likely on, Jovita Gersalino and Lourdes Tabanda were taken to an additional home by the herein accused, Filemon Palacios, Jr., Vicente Tolosa and a Japanese soldier, where by they ended up abused and raped that subsequently the persons gathered have been questioned who of them have been family of Tranquilino Geonanga for they would be introduced and when an outdated woman answered that they had been all family of Tranquilino Geonanga, the Japanese soldiers at the moment started off to inflict and supply bayonet thrusts on the folks gathered and as a consequence of which about 30 of them ended up killed and various have been wounded: that subsequently, the herein accused and his companions proceeded to barrio Buluañgan, where a single Saturnino (LNU) was arrested, investigated, maltreated and tortured by the herein accused and afterwards killed by the Japanese.

Gloria Escorido, Basilisa Gierza and Ciriaco Gierza, testifying in assist of this Depend, and corroborating a single an additional, stated that at about seven o’clock in the early morning of March 16, 1944, whilst the appellant and a number of Japanese soldiers had been on a punitive expedition in the barrio of Miadan, Guimbal, Iloilo, they arrested the barrio people who fled to the Dalihi creek in Tubongan, Iloilo that the barrio inhabitants, who ended up about fifty folks, were being brought to the barrio of Laguna, Tubongan, Iloilo, were being they have been investigated and maltreated that in the course of the investigation, appellant tied the feet of Gloria Escorido, hanged her with her head downward and defeat her with the department of an “aguho” tree that appellant furthermore introduced to the dwelling of Jacinto Batorete three women, specifically, Luz Tabiana, Jesusa Jimenez and Juana Tabiana exactly where the reported girls ended up abused by the appellant and his companions that appellant also bayoneted to demise Sofia Tambirao for the basic cause that she was the cousin of Tranquilino Geonanga, an officer of the guerrillas that appellant and his companions massacred on that event around 30 individuals, amid whom had been Jovita Gersalino, Carolina Escorido, Romero Escorido, Sofia Tambirao, and Edgardo Escorido.

We have, hence, that appellant not only participated actively in the punitive raids produced by the Japanese troopers and in arresting and killing Filipino Guerrillas, but individually manhandled Gloria Escorido, a female scarcely 16 years of age at the time (Rely 10), and killed in cold blood Cosme Calacasan by bayoneting him a few times (Depend 8), Julia Cabilitasan by similarly bayoneting her 3 periods, with the included ignominy of stripping her stark naked moments right before killing her (Count 9), and Sofia Tambirao (Rely 10.) These certain overt functions of appellant as testified to by eyewitnesses who have survived the harrowing massacres, discuss eloquently that his adherence to the enemy in providing it assist and convenience, was accompanied by cruelty and ruthlessness, in wanton disregard of the thoughts and decency of his fellow citizens.

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